Cities all over the world are searching for ways to become more resilient to climate change effects and related economic challenges. The general consensus seems to be that resilience refers to the ability of a system to respond to exogenous and endogenous pressures. Resilient urban redevelopment through sustainable building adaption could possibly be a strategy, which accommodates endogenous pressures such as socio-demographic change, changes the economic base of cities, and enhances urban environmental quality. Urban resilience can be built in part by reshaping real estate markets, in which institutions and organisations prefer adaptation of real estate over demolition and new built. However, this requires the utilisation of public planning policy instruments which correspond to changing real estate market demands and private actor needs. This chapter aims to illustrate that making urban areas more resilient by adopting existing real estate to new uses requires an effective mix of planning policy instruments and activities which is aligned with market needs at both city and local development levels. This is achieved by introducing some planning policy instrument classifications, providing case study examples of the utilisation of a variety of planning policies for the adaptation of obsolete office buildings in the city of Rotterdam, and concluding with some general implications for resilient urban redevelopment practice and research.
- Heurkens, E., Remøy, H. & Hobma, F. (2018) Planning policy instruments for resilient urban redevelopment: The case of office conversions in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. In: Wilkinson, S.J. & Remøy, H. (eds.) Building Urban Resilience through Change of Use. Chisester, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 39-56.
- Building Urban Resilience through Change of Use